31 October 2014

Upfront Mini Bytes -- TX records (Cemetery, Jewish & Immigrants), UK Wills, Yearbooks, Irish Anzacs (WWI), Canada's Home Children, Map of US Religions

Welcome to our newest edition of our periodic feature Upfront Mini Bytes.  In Upfront Mini Bytes we provide eight tasty bits of genealogy news that will help give you a deeper byte into your family history research. Each item is short and sweet.  We encourage you to check out the links to articles, blog posts, resources, and anything genealogical!

We hope you found the past editions helpful.  Use your favorite search engine with “Upfront with NGS” “Mini Bytes” or use this Google search link.

Do you have questions, suggestions for future posts, or comments?  Please post a comment or send an e-mail to UpFront@ngsgenealogy.org.

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Do you have ancestors buried in Hopkins County TX?  Or, you want to figure out the cemeteries nearest to where your ancestors lived?  If yes, check out this map or the associated list of cemeteries.

More genealogical news from TX -- Congregation Beth Israel in Houston (TX) has digitized and placed online early records, ledgers, and books covering from 1861 to the early 1920s. The documents are in German, Hebrew and English.

One more bit of news from TX.  The Texas Seaport Museum has compiled a listing of immigrants to Galveston, TexasGalveston Immigration Database.

My gran and her 2nd husband both died in 2000 and 2001 respectively in the UK.  If I didn’t know about their wills nor had a copy, I could now search and find out.  Gov.UK now has a Find a will service which covers wills or probate for any person in the UK who died in or after 1996.  Both a simple and an advanced search are provided.  You do have to provide a surname & year of death.  For any found entry, you can purchase 31 days of access (for £10).

I’ve come across all kinds of yearbooks as I do research and this is a first – Yacht Club Yearbooks.  I guess since I’ve never stepped foot in one, it’s not something I would have known about.  If your family belonged to the Avalon (NJ) Yacht Club, there is now an online archive of Avalon Club Yacht Club Yearbooks covering 1953-2007 online.

The Irish Anzacs Database has been launched.  The projects aim is to identify all Irish-born enlistments in the Australian Imperial Force (AIF) during the First World War. Read more here. Here’s a video on how to access the database. Search the database.

The British Isles Family History Society of Greater Ottawa is placing a special emphasis on Canada’s HomeChildren, since 70% of these children were settled in Ontario. There are several resources currently available – Barnardo’s Ups and Downs Magazine, Fegan Homes index

I’ve always liked The Week for “short” new items.  When I stopped subscribing to the print version, I took up reading the online version.  A recent-to-me find (from June) was These maps show the most common religions, Christian and non-Christian, in your state. To me what was most interesting was not the largest reporting group for each state and the second largest one.  







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copyright © National Genealogical Society, 3108 Columbia Pike, Suite 300, Arlington, Virginia 22204-4370. http://www.ngsgenealogy.org.
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NGS does not imply endorsement of any outside advertiser or other vendors appearing in this blog. Any opinions expressed by guest authors are their own and do not necessarily reflect the view of NGS.
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Republication of UpFront articles is permitted and encouraged for non-commercial purposes without express permission from NGS. Please drop us a note telling us where and when you are using the article. Express written permission is required if you wish to republish UpFront articles for commercial purposes. You may send a request for express written permission to UpFront@ngsgenealogy.org. All republished articles may not be edited or reworded and must contain the copyright statement found at the bottom of each UpFront article.
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Unless indicated otherwise or clearly an NGS Public Relations piece, Upfront with NGS posts are written by Diane L Richard, editor, Upfront with NGS.
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30 October 2014

TODAY is Ask An Archivist Day!



On October 30, archivists around the country will take to Twitter to answer your questions about any and all things archives! This day-long event, sponsored by the Society of American Archivists, will give you the opportunity to connect directly with archivists in your community—and around the country—to ask questions, get information, or just satisfy your curiosity.

CLICK TO TWEET: #AskAnArchivist Day is Oct 30: Archivists nationwide answer questions about historical materials. Ask them anything! http://bit.ly/1zkBCNB

As professional experts who do the exciting work of protecting and sharing important historical materials, archivists have many stories to share about the work they do every day in preserving fascinating documents, photographs, audio and visual materials, and artifacts. Increasingly, archival work extends beyond the physical and includes digital materials. #AskAnArchivist Day will give you a chance to connect with archivists who are tackling the challenges of preserving our digital heritage for the future.

What questions can be asked?

Archivists participating in #AskAnArchivist are eager to respond to any and all questions you have about archives and archival work.

No question is too silly...
  • What’s the craziest thing you’ve come across in your collections?
  • If your archives had a soundtrack, what songs would be on it?
  • What do archivists talk about around the water cooler?

...and no question is too practical!
  • What should I do to be sure that my e-mails won’t get lost?
  • I’ve got scads of digital images on my phone. How should I store them so I can access them later on?
  • How do you decide which items to keep and which to weed out from a collection?
  • As a teacher, how can I get my students more interested in using archives for projects?

How does it work?

#AskAnArchivist is open to everyone—all you need is a Twitter account! To participate, just tweet a question and include the hashtag #AskAnArchivist in your tweet. Your question will be seen instantly by archivists around the country who are standing by to respond directly to you.

Have a question for a specific archives or archivist? Include their Twitter handle with your question. They may not know every answer right away, but they will get back to you after they’ve had the chance to do some digging.

Don’t have a question right away? Search Twitter for #AskAnArchivist and follow along as questions and answers are shared!

So get ready!

Archivists from universities, museums, historical societies, churches, businesses, local and state governments, and other organizations are taking to Twitter to answer your questions all day long on October 30 at #AskAnArchivist.

The Society of American Archivists is a professional organization that represents one of today’s most exciting professions. Archivists have the expertise to protect and share important historical material and to save today’s vital records for our future needs.





Editor’s Note: On the SAA page for this event you will see a list of Who’s Participating along the right-hand column and there is a more complete list on Twitter.

Editor’s Note: Above PR published on BusinessWire.





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copyright © National Genealogical Society, 3108 Columbia Pike, Suite 300, Arlington, Virginia 22204-4370. http://www.ngsgenealogy.org.
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NGS does not imply endorsement of any outside advertiser or other vendors appearing in this blog. Any opinions expressed by guest authors are their own and do not necessarily reflect the view of NGS.
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Republication of UpFront articles is permitted and encouraged for non-commercial purposes without express permission from NGS. Please drop us a note telling us where and when you are using the article. Express written permission is required if you wish to republish UpFront articles for commercial purposes. You may send a request for express written permission to UpFront@ngsgenealogy.org. All republished articles may not be edited or reworded and must contain the copyright statement found at the bottom of each UpFront article.
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Unless indicated otherwise or clearly an NGS Public Relations piece, Upfront with NGS posts are written by Diane L Richard, editor, Upfront with NGS.
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29 October 2014

FREE Viewing of Roots of Faith: Ancestry TV Series


If you love to watch TV shows to help you better research your ancestors, consider watching Roots of Faith: Ancestry.  This is a TV show (each episode runs about 30 minutes) currently showing on CatholicLife Television (based in Louisiana) and

... is a series that teaches the proper methodology of genealogical research. Hosted by genealogy experts Renee Richard, Judy Riffel and Leonard Smith III, this show explores our ancestral origins to help know more about who we are today. 

Current episodes are Overview, Getting Started, Census Records, Civil Vital Record[s], and Church Vital Record[s] with more coming. 

Though many of the records discussed are those from Louisiana, these can always be used as suggestions on the types of records (and in what places) you might look for your ancestors records in locales that interest you.

The series is providing a good overview of what kinds of records were created and what value they may have to your family history research journey.

Are you aware of other, FREE local TV genealogy-related programming, that is readily available to anyone via the web?



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copyright © National Genealogical Society, 3108 Columbia Pike, Suite 300, Arlington, Virginia 22204-4370. http://www.ngsgenealogy.org.
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NGS does not imply endorsement of any outside advertiser or other vendors appearing in this blog. Any opinions expressed by guest authors are their own and do not necessarily reflect the view of NGS.
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Republication of UpFront articles is permitted and encouraged for non-commercial purposes without express permission from NGS. Please drop us a note telling us where and when you are using the article. Express written permission is required if you wish to republish UpFront articles for commercial purposes. You may send a request for express written permission to UpFront@ngsgenealogy.org. All republished articles may not be edited or reworded and must contain the copyright statement found at the bottom of each UpFront article.
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Suggestions for topics for future UpFront with NGS posts are always welcome. Please send any suggested topics to UpfrontNGS@mosaicrpm.com
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Unless indicated otherwise or clearly an NGS Public Relations piece, Upfront with NGS posts are written by Diane L Richard, editor, Upfront with NGS.
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28 October 2014

Join the Hive & the New York Times in a New Crowdsourcing Project


Crowdsourcing projects are always neat & fun!

The most recent large-scale one I’ve heard about involves The New York Times. NYT asks readers to help identify print ads, using a platform for crowdsourcing called Hive.

The New York Times’ research and development lab has launched a new project asking readers for help in identifying old advertisements from its print archive — and the project is the first to be built on a new open-source platform for crowdsourcing called Hive

When you visit the Madison interface you can jump right into finding, tagging and /or transcribing ads.  Here is some context for the genesis of the project.

The digitization of our archives has primarily focused on news articles, thus the ads have no metadata (company names, product categories, ad text, etc.) that would allow for either discovery or research. Madison invites Times readers to explore the past through these advertisements, and to contribute to the archive by finding, tagging, and even transcribing ads. Your contributions will aid researchers and projects both inside and outside of The New York Times for years to come.


Ads do contain fascinating information, not just for social context and also possibly about the very ancestors you are researching.  I have researched many individuals who have placed advertisements in the newspaper about their business.  I’ve learned about their business, where is was located, when it went out of business (if it did), where it moved (if expanding), taking on a partner, etc.

Now that we’ve discovered our insatiable appetite for newspaper content, let’s help make sure that we have access to ALL newspaper content and not just the articles.





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copyright © National Genealogical Society, 3108 Columbia Pike, Suite 300, Arlington, Virginia 22204-4370. http://www.ngsgenealogy.org.
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NGS does not imply endorsement of any outside advertiser or other vendors appearing in this blog. Any opinions expressed by guest authors are their own and do not necessarily reflect the view of NGS.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 
Republication of UpFront articles is permitted and encouraged for non-commercial purposes without express permission from NGS. Please drop us a note telling us where and when you are using the article. Express written permission is required if you wish to republish UpFront articles for commercial purposes. You may send a request for express written permission to UpFront@ngsgenealogy.org. All republished articles may not be edited or reworded and must contain the copyright statement found at the bottom of each UpFront article.
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Think your friends, colleagues, or fellow genealogy researchers would find this blog post interesting? If so, please let them know that anyone can read past UpFront with NGS posts or subscribe!
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Suggestions for topics for future UpFront with NGS posts are always welcome. Please send any suggested topics to UpfrontNGS@mosaicrpm.com
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Unless indicated otherwise or clearly an NGS Public Relations piece, Upfront with NGS posts are written by Diane L Richard, editor, Upfront with NGS.
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27 October 2014

A visual journey of Archives Month 2014 posters!




For me, Archives Month is something I actually celebrate every day I visit an archive.  They are the most wonderful places as repositories of our heritage.

It is a month when archives across the US celebrate their existence, their mission, and their collections.  Also, the most wonderful posters get created.
Here is my annual sampling of the posters for 2014!  Check them out and be sure to see “how” your archive is celebrating.  

I know that here in Raleigh, tomorrow, October 25th, there will be a FREE Family History Fair.

Check out this Flickr album of posters!

Feel free to tell us about any local events you have or plan to attend.

















































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copyright © National Genealogical Society, 3108 Columbia Pike, Suite 300, Arlington, Virginia 22204-4370. http://www.ngsgenealogy.org.
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NGS does not imply endorsement of any outside advertiser or other vendors appearing in this blog. Any opinions expressed by guest authors are their own and do not necessarily reflect the view of NGS.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 
Republication of UpFront articles is permitted and encouraged for non-commercial purposes without express permission from NGS. Please drop us a note telling us where and when you are using the article. Express written permission is required if you wish to republish UpFront articles for commercial purposes. You may send a request for express written permission to UpFront@ngsgenealogy.org. All republished articles may not be edited or reworded and must contain the copyright statement found at the bottom of each UpFront article.
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Think your friends, colleagues, or fellow genealogy researchers would find this blog post interesting? If so, please let them know that anyone can read past UpFront with NGS posts or subscribe!
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Suggestions for topics for future UpFront with NGS posts are always welcome. Please send any suggested topics to UpfrontNGS@mosaicrpm.com
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Unless indicated otherwise or clearly an NGS Public Relations piece, Upfront with NGS posts are written by Diane L Richard, editor, Upfront with NGS.
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24 October 2014

ICAPGen Celebrates 50 Years At their Fall Conference on November 1!



The International Commission for the Accreditation of Professional Genealogists (ICAPGen) will be holding their annual Fall Conference on Saturday, November 1st on the campus of Brigham Young University in Provo, UT. The conference will be celebrating 50 years of accreditation. There will be seven different daylong tracks featuring 42 speakers. General registration for the full, daylong conference is $70 and includes the gala full luncheon.

The tracks include:

Preparing for Accreditation
Methodology/Records
Internet/Technology
Professional Research
DNA/Genetic Genealogy

National Genealogical Society (NGS) Board member, Angie Bush MS (Biotechnology), will be teaching and coordinating the Genetic Genealogy track. The track will focus on helping genealogists incorporate DNA testing into their research plans, and for professionals -- into their client reports. This is the first time ICAPGen has offered a DNA track. Genetic genealogy is currently one of the hottest topics at national seminars and events, with classes filling up and selling out quickly. This daylong opportunity is one not to be missed by genealogists looking to understand this exciting new source.

David Rencher, Chief Genealogical Officer for Family Search, will be presenting the keynote address. Other speakers include Ancestry.com’s Crista Cowan and Kory Meyerink. Additional information about the conference, presenters and tracks can be found at www.ica,pgen.org.



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copyright © National Genealogical Society, 3108 Columbia Pike, Suite 300, Arlington, Virginia 22204-4370. http://www.ngsgenealogy.org.
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NGS does not imply endorsement of any outside advertiser or other vendors appearing in this blog. Any opinions expressed by guest authors are their own and do not necessarily reflect the view of NGS.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 
Republication of UpFront articles is permitted and encouraged for non-commercial purposes without express permission from NGS. Please drop us a note telling us where and when you are using the article. Express written permission is required if you wish to republish UpFront articles for commercial purposes. You may send a request for express written permission to UpFront@ngsgenealogy.org. All republished articles may not be edited or reworded and must contain the copyright statement found at the bottom of each UpFront article.
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Think your friends, colleagues, or fellow genealogy researchers would find this blog post interesting? If so, please let them know that anyone can read past UpFront with NGS posts or subscribe!
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Suggestions for topics for future UpFront with NGS posts are always welcome. Please send any suggested topics to UpfrontNGS@mosaicrpm.com
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Unless indicated otherwise or clearly an NGS Public Relations piece, Upfront with NGS posts are written by Diane L Richard, editor, Upfront with NGS.
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23 October 2014

Who are the Welsh? Mass genetic testing to find out nation's ancestry



An interesting project is underway ...

CymruDNAWales will carry out an unprecedented mass survey of Wales’s ancestry to trace the origins of its people – back beyond written records to the end of the last ice age around 9,000BC when colossal glacial shifts gouged out our landscape and allowed the first immigrants to settle here.

You can learn more here.

Apparently a similar project was undertaken in 2012 in Scotland.

I am familiar with The Genographic Project ... “advanced DNA analysis and worked with indigenous communities to help answer fundamental questions about where humans originated and how we came to populate the Earth.”

I also remember reading, Faroe Islands Aim to Sequence Genes of Entire Country.  This project was undertaken with a health focus and the future use of genomic medicine.

It will be interesting to see where these projects go and what they learn.


Are there other mass survey DNA projects that have taken place or are occurring now to identify the deep ancestry of a particular locale or people?


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copyright © National Genealogical Society, 3108 Columbia Pike, Suite 300, Arlington, Virginia 22204-4370. http://www.ngsgenealogy.org.
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NGS does not imply endorsement of any outside advertiser or other vendors appearing in this blog. Any opinions expressed by guest authors are their own and do not necessarily reflect the view of NGS.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 
Republication of UpFront articles is permitted and encouraged for non-commercial purposes without express permission from NGS. Please drop us a note telling us where and when you are using the article. Express written permission is required if you wish to republish UpFront articles for commercial purposes. You may send a request for express written permission to UpFront@ngsgenealogy.org. All republished articles may not be edited or reworded and must contain the copyright statement found at the bottom of each UpFront article.
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Think your friends, colleagues, or fellow genealogy researchers would find this blog post interesting? If so, please let them know that anyone can read past UpFront with NGS posts or subscribe!
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Suggestions for topics for future UpFront with NGS posts are always welcome. Please send any suggested topics to UpfrontNGS@mosaicrpm.com
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Unless indicated otherwise or clearly an NGS Public Relations piece, Upfront with NGS posts are written by Diane L Richard, editor, Upfront with NGS.
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22 October 2014

(UK News) Relatives of adopted adults now able to trace family tree



This is great news from the UK. Whether adoptees or those who gave children up for adoption want to reach out and connect, health information about an adoptee’s birth family has long been desired by adopted individuals.  They may want to know whether they have inherited a genetic tendency towards particular health issues and conditions.

Children, grandchildren and other relatives of adopted adults can now trace back through their ancestors’ lives - helping them to unearth their family history, discover more about their medical background and reach out to long-lost relatives under new rules introduced today [24 September 2014]...

For example, those who have lost a parent to cancer or a heart problem will be able to discover whether their grandparents or other birth relatives suffered from the same condition, giving them the chance to seek advice and support.

These rules will come into force by November 2014.  Read more here.

This 2012 document gives you a sense of US Access to Adoption Records – who can access and under what circumstances.  If you know of a more updated version, please post a comment.

This got me curious about whether any US Archives have adoption records that are publicly available?!?!  I learned that Utah law permits public access to adoption records over 100 years old. It also appears that in Oregon, the Oregon Laws published biennially, included reports of adoptions from 1864 through 1919 when the law was repealed.

Does your state archive provide easy access to historic adoption records?




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copyright © National Genealogical Society, 3108 Columbia Pike, Suite 300, Arlington, Virginia 22204-4370. http://www.ngsgenealogy.org.
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NGS does not imply endorsement of any outside advertiser or other vendors appearing in this blog. Any opinions expressed by guest authors are their own and do not necessarily reflect the view of NGS.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 
Republication of UpFront articles is permitted and encouraged for non-commercial purposes without express permission from NGS. Please drop us a note telling us where and when you are using the article. Express written permission is required if you wish to republish UpFront articles for commercial purposes. You may send a request for express written permission to UpFront@ngsgenealogy.org. All republished articles may not be edited or reworded and must contain the copyright statement found at the bottom of each UpFront article.
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Think your friends, colleagues, or fellow genealogy researchers would find this blog post interesting? If so, please let them know that anyone can read past UpFront with NGS posts or subscribe!
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Suggestions for topics for future UpFront with NGS posts are always welcome. Please send any suggested topics to UpfrontNGS@mosaicrpm.com
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Unless indicated otherwise or clearly an NGS Public Relations piece, Upfront with NGS posts are written by Diane L Richard, editor, Upfront with NGS.
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21 October 2014

In the 1900s Many of Your Ancestors Worked, as Children, in Factories, Mines and Other Dangerous Places




Some of the most disturbing images that were captured in the early part of the 1900s were those of kids working in factories, coal mines, and other places where no kids belonged. The most famous photographer was Lewis Hine; his pictures brought these children into the spotlight in a way the nation could no longer ignore.

There is a video at the end with many images of child laborers ... they didn’t have childhoods like what many of us had. It’s well worth taking 3.5 minutes to watch it.  Maybe some of your ancestors were child laborers and worked under these conditions.

You can check out more images in the National Child Labor Committee Collection (Library of Congress). I searched on Salem Massachusetts since my ancestors were emigrating between 1900-1910 into that community.  Many of the photos do identify who the children were.

This website, The History Place, also has a webpage devoted to Child Labor in America 1908-1912, Photographs of Lewis W. Hine.  I also found this website interesting, Child Labor Public Education ProjectUpfront with NGS previously talked a bit about this same project in the post Photo + Genealogy Sleuthing = 100+ Year Mystery Solved.

This is a reminder that as we do our research, we have to consider the time and the place and what were considered the norms.  You cannot look at your life now and use that as the benchmark for your ancestors.  Do learn the history of where they lived, what was acceptable and not.  Though we may not agree with child labor, there also used to be laws on the books that might be nice if we still had them such not swearing in public (you could be fined), etc

Do you know if your ancestors worked as child laborers?  If so, doing what?




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copyright © National Genealogical Society, 3108 Columbia Pike, Suite 300, Arlington, Virginia 22204-4370. http://www.ngsgenealogy.org.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
NGS does not imply endorsement of any outside advertiser or other vendors appearing in this blog. Any opinions expressed by guest authors are their own and do not necessarily reflect the view of NGS.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 
Republication of UpFront articles is permitted and encouraged for non-commercial purposes without express permission from NGS. Please drop us a note telling us where and when you are using the article. Express written permission is required if you wish to republish UpFront articles for commercial purposes. You may send a request for express written permission to UpFront@ngsgenealogy.org. All republished articles may not be edited or reworded and must contain the copyright statement found at the bottom of each UpFront article.
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Think your friends, colleagues, or fellow genealogy researchers would find this blog post interesting? If so, please let them know that anyone can read past UpFront with NGS posts or subscribe!
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Suggestions for topics for future UpFront with NGS posts are always welcome. Please send any suggested topics to UpfrontNGS@mosaicrpm.com
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Unless indicated otherwise or clearly an NGS Public Relations piece, Upfront with NGS posts are written by Diane L Richard, editor, Upfront with NGS.
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17 October 2014

Upfront Mini Bytes -- Laws, Cook County (IL) Cemetery, British Currency, New Zealand WWI, Tennessee Bible, OH Death Records, IA Newspapers, NH Maps & Atlases

Welcome to our newest edition of our periodic feature Upfront Mini Bytes.  In Upfront Mini Bytes we provide eight tasty bits of genealogy news that will help give you a deeper byte into your family history research. Each item is short and sweet.  We encourage you to check out the links to articles, blog posts, resources, and anything genealogical!

We hope you found the past editions helpful.  Use your favorite search engine with “Upfront with NGS” “Mini Bytes” or use this Google search link.

Do you have questions, suggestions for future posts, or comments?  Please post a comment or send an e-mail to UpFront@ngsgenealogy.org.

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Laws are important.  Free access to legal information is great.  Check out this great collaboration between the Law Library of Congress and the legal publishing company William S. Hein & Co., Inc. as described by The Legal Genealogist.

Burials for the Cook County Cemetery at Dunning, IL are now online!  With over 38,000 burials spanning some seventy years, it served as an institutional cemetery for the Cook County institutions. These consisted of the County Poor house and farm opened 1854, the Insane Asylum opened 1869, the infirmary opened 1882, and the Consumptive hospital (TB), opened 1899 and was the official Cook County potters field serving the poor and indigent of the county. Read the article, Database Remembers Chicagoans Buried, Forgotten in Dunning Cemetery, to learn more.

A research challenge we run into is when currency changes. How do we get a grasp on obsolete currency? The International Society for British Genealogy and Family History (ISBGFH) has posted a nice & short summary of Post- and pre-decimalization monetary units (covering British currency).

New Zealand now has more than 140,000 World War 1 service files online. Search the database here. Read more about the project here.

Tennessee research has just gotten easier.  More than 1500 bible records are available on the website of the Tennessee State Library and Archives. You can access the project here and read more about it here.

The Ohio History Connection’s State Archives’ online catalog of death records has expanded. On October 1, the Ohio Department of Health transferred nearly two million death certificates from the years 1954 to 1963 to the Ohio History Connection.

Fort Dodge (Iowa) newspaper archive is now online. It covers 56 local and area newspapers and publications for the years 1856-1934.

The University of New Hampshire has some neat Maps & Atlases online with the earliest item a Gazetteer of the state of New Hampshire from 1817.  






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copyright © National Genealogical Society, 3108 Columbia Pike, Suite 300, Arlington, Virginia 22204-4370. http://www.ngsgenealogy.org.
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NGS does not imply endorsement of any outside advertiser or other vendors appearing in this blog. Any opinions expressed by guest authors are their own and do not necessarily reflect the view of NGS.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 
Republication of UpFront articles is permitted and encouraged for non-commercial purposes without express permission from NGS. Please drop us a note telling us where and when you are using the article. Express written permission is required if you wish to republish UpFront articles for commercial purposes. You may send a request for express written permission to UpFront@ngsgenealogy.org. All republished articles may not be edited or reworded and must contain the copyright statement found at the bottom of each UpFront article.
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