19 July 2019

NGS Magazine April–June 2019 Issue Now Online



The April-June 2019 issue of NGS Magazine, Volume 45, Number 2, is ready for mailing to members and is available online in the Members Only section of the website.


EDITOR'S NOTE by Deb Cyprych

This issue takes a look at the value of lineage societies for genealogical research. While these societies are by definition closed to those who don’t meet their eligibility standards, most lineage societies welcome new members and graciously share their resources.

Kimberly Ormsby Nagy discusses the broad range of societies and their activities. She explains why and how to apply for membership, pointing out that the application process can sharpen research skills, and that members preserve their family histories while supporting societies’ missions.

Shelley K. Bishop provides a sampling of the wealth of public resources offered by sixteen lineage societies in their libraries and online databases. Researchers can take advantage of collections including finding aids, digitized books, and lists of approved ancestors.

Kathy Petlewski’s column describes the history of lineage societies and the controversies surrounding them as early as 1783. The incredible growth of lineage societies between 1880 and 1900 was due in part to fear of immigrants and the desire of prominent families to set themselves apart from new millionaires.

Two articles highlight the improved standards and new types of evidence incorporated by some societies that may be useful to many family historians.

Sara Louise Sukol examines the changes in documentation requirements for the National Society Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR). Since the first application in 1890, which had no dates or places, DAR has steadily increased its requirements for proof of lineage and service.

Jennifer Zinck investigates the evolving use of DNA in the policies and practices of the Mayflower Society, DAR, and the Sons of the American Revolution, and delineates the specific types of genetic evidence these societies have recently begun accepting.

Other articles in this issue feature city directories, a case study about conflicting evidence, and so-called Confederate slave payroll records at NARA.

City directories may have unusual content such as photos, ethnic and biographical information, farm listings, social registers, and church maps. Terry Koch-Bostic explores the special content of directories, presents research strategies, and lists resources for using these multi-faceted people-finders.

Jean Atkinson Andrews, CG, uses a case study about a Civil War veteran to demonstrate how she resolved a problem of conflicting evidence by analyzing source and informant reliability. Her techniques can be adapted for many other situations when records disagree.

Finally, Claire Prechtel Kluskens’s NARA column profiles a series of payroll records for payments to slaveholders based on the labor of enslaved people impressed to work on Confederate fortifications and production. The records list the names and locations of thousands of slaves and slaveholders.

After writing this column for over fifteen years, Claire is taking a break for a year. Her articles about the records of the National Archives are valuable resources, and we thank her for the knowledge she has shared with our readers.


Table of Contents

Features


  • Lineage Societies: Leaving a Legacy for Future Generations, by Kimberly Ormsby Nagy, MD, PLCGS
  • A History of Changes in DAR Documentation Requirements by Sarah Louise Sukol
  • Making Discoveries in Lineage Society Resources by Shelley K. Bishop
  • Evolving Genealogical Evidence: DNA and Lineage Societies by Jennifer Zinck
  • City Directories: Antiquarian People Finders by Terry Koch-Bostic
  • Strategies to Resolve Conflicting Direct Evidence by Jean Atkinson Andrews, CG

Departments


  • PRESIDENT’S MESSAGE by Ben Spratling
  • EDITOR’S NOTE by Deb Cyprych
  • NGS 2020 Family History Conference Returning to Salt Lake City by Erin Pritchett
  • NGS Awards Presented at St. Charles Conference by Janet L. Bailey
  • REFERENCE DESK The History of American Lineage Societies by Kathy Petlewski, MSLS
  • NATIONAL ARCHIVES Civil War Confederate Slave Payroll Records by Claire Prechtel Kluskens


NGS Magazine is published quarterly to update members of the National Genealogical Society on NGS activities and to provide genealogists with special information and guidance on conducting effective genealogical research. The magazine is sent to libraries by subscription. Online access to NGS Magazine is available only as long as membership is active.

16 July 2019

NGSQ June 2019 Issue Now Online



The June 2019 issue of the National Genealogical Society Quarterly, Volume 107, Number 2, is ready to be mailed to members and is available online in the Members Only section of the website.

CONTENTS:

FEATURE ARTICLES 

  • A Blended English Family in Clark County, Ohio: Was Elizabeth (Blenkinsop) Pearson Inman Winchester a Bigamist? by B. Darrell Jackson, PhD, CG
  • Untangling Two Edward Marlows in Colonial Southern Maryland by Michael Hait, CG, CGL
  • Was Dr. Isaac Teller of Dutchess County, New York, and New York City a Patriot of the American Revolution? by Mara Fein, PhD, CG
  • The Two Deaths of Arthur J. Crim of New York, Iowa, Washington, California, Missouri, and Oklahoma by Trish Hackett Nicola, CG

NOTES and DOCUMENTS  
    • Averilla [—?—], Colonial Virginia Adventurer: Wife of Majors Thomas Curtis and Robert Bristow by Glade Isaac Nelson

    COMMUNICATIONS 


    EDITORS’ CORNER
      • The Book of Life and Unbiased Conclusions 3 administration 4 

      ADMINISTRATION

      SIDELIGHTS

      • It Was All about Money 
      • New World Births Recorded in London 
      • Getting in Training 
      • Murder by Furniture? 
      • Give the Old Folks the Dodge 
      REVIEWS


      The National Genealogical Society Quarterly (NGSQ) is published four times per year, in March, June, September, and December. The journal is edited by Nancy A. Peters, CG®, CGLSM, and Allen R. Peterson, CG.

      15 July 2019

      Special Value Audio Packages from #NGS2019GEN & #NGS2018GEN



      NGS Offers Special Value Audio Packages
      from its 2019 and 2018 Conferences

      The National Genealogical Society (NGS) announces the availability of two special value audio packages from our 2019 and 2018 conferences featuring twelve sessions for the price of ten. Listen to a variety of topics in the field of genealogy spoken by nationally recognized speakers. These audio packages are an excellent option for those who were not able to attend the conferences in person.

      Both packages—the 2019 NGS Family History Conference and the 2018 NGS Family History Conference—feature some of the most sought-after speakers and topics. Speakers include Blaine Bettinger, John Grenham, Thomas Wright Jones, Elizabeth Shown Mills, David E. Rencher, and Judy G. Russell. Topics focus on DNA’s role in genealogical research, documentation, ethnicity, immigration, methodology, problem-solving techniques, and more. A sampling of titles include “Advanced Research in Passenger Arrival Records,” “Proving Your Case: Using the Rules of Logical Argument,” “Starting Research in Irish Records,” and “Using Evidence Creatively: Spotting Clues in Run-of-the-Mill Records.”

      Individual audio recordings can also be purchased for $14 each. Family historians can find details about the special value audio packages, individual audio recordings, and on-demand video from the PlaybackNGS website.



      10 May 2019

      NGS Awards Excellence in Genealogy Scholarship and Service


      NGS Awards Excellence in Genealogy Scholarship and Service at

      Family History Conference

      At our annual banquet on Friday evening on 10 May at the 2019 Family History Conference in St. Charles, Missouri, NGS presented awards that acknowledge and honor genealogical scholarship and service. The banquet speaker, David E. Rencher, AG, CG®, FIGRS, FUGA, spoke about the precarious future of tombstones in his presentation, “If Carved in Stone, Your Epitaph is Already Disappearing!” Awards Committee chair Janet L. Bailey opened the awards portion of the banquet.

      Each year, NGS presents awards to organizations and individuals who have made outstanding contributions to NGS programs or have done outstanding work in the field of genealogy, history, biography, or heraldry.

      National Genealogy Hall of Fame
      Beginning in 1986, the National Genealogy Hall of Fame program, administered by the National Genealogical Society, has honored outstanding genealogists whose achievements in American genealogy have had a great impact on the field. Qualified nominations are solicited annually from genealogical organizations. Those nominated must have been deceased for at least five years and actively engaged in genealogy for a minimum of ten years.

      Their contributions to genealogy in this country need to be significant in a way that was unique, pioneering, or exemplary. Such contributions could have been books or articles that added significantly to the body of published works, served as a model of genealogical research or writing, or made source records more readily available. Nominees could also have been a teacher or lecturer, or a person who contributed to the field through leadership in a genealogical organization or periodical. Entries are judged by a panel of genealogists from various parts of the United States.


      This year, George Harrison Sanford King, FASG, who was nominated by the Virginia Genealogical Society, was elected to the National Genealogy Hall of Fame. Born in 1914, he was a life-long resident of Fredericksburg, Virginia. He graduated from Virginia Tech in 1935 with a chemistry degree. As a young man he developed an interest in genealogy, emphasizing a scholarly approach to research and documentation. In the 1930s he along with others lobbied the Virginia General Assembly for funds to restore deteriorating records, for which all Virginia researchers are grateful.

      King was known as an expert on the complex family relationships of Virginia's Northern Neck, an area that includes what are often referred to as burned counties. Using numerous sources, he made extensive notes and transcriptions on early Virginia families. A card index to his more than 100,000 papers is available at the Virginia Historical Society and abstracts are being published in the Magazine of Virginia Genealogy.

      Virginia did not keep early vital records. King recognized the need to find and preserve other source materials. He published record abstracts for many church parish records. He also had the foresight to collect and preserve bible records. He published articles in numerous periodicals. In 1947 he was elected a fellow of the American Society of Genealogists. He was active in many societies and was a registrar for Virginia's Order of the First Families.

      King was one of the experts who assisted in the compilation of the first edition, published in 1956, of Adventurers of Purse and Person. This publication has been revised and expanded several times and is considered an essential reference for early Virginia families.

      The NGS Fellow
      Fellowship in the National Genealogical Society recognizes outstanding work in genealogy or the related fields of history, biography, or heraldry, in addition to outstanding service to the National Genealogical Society. This year’s Fellow is Connie Miller Lenzen, CG®, of Portland, Oregon.

      Lenzen is a highly regarded contributing author to national and local genealogical publications. She won the NGS Quarterly’s 1995 Award of Excellence and is a two-time winner of the International Society of Family History Writers and Editors Award. From 2005 to 2008, she served as president of the Board for Certification of Genealogists.

      Lenzen joined the NGS Board of Directors in 2004. That year the Society was facing financial insolvency and its future was in question. With her fellow board members, she worked tirelessly to ensure its survival. She served on the board for six years, 2004–2010. As chair of the Education Committee, she managed and edited the revised Home Study Course, 2005 revision. By the time she retired from the Board, NGS was again on firm ground. Its membership was strong and its educational programs were flourishing.


      The President’s Citation is given in recognition of outstanding, continuing, or unusual contributions to genealogy or the Society. Miriam Weiner, CG Emeritus, was awarded the 2019 President’s Citation, honoring her years of service to the field.

      Weiner dedicated her career as a genealogist to discovering and publishing lists of surviving Jewish and civil records from archives throughout Eastern Europe previously thought to have been destroyed during the Holocaust. The New York Jewish Week Newspaper described Weiner as “The Genealogist Who Lifted the Archival Iron Curtain.” In 1990, Weiner organized the first customized Jewish genealogy tours to Eastern Europe. Participants received unprecedented access to archives with family documents, toured ancestral towns, and sometimes met previously unknown relatives. An author of two books, Weiner has received numerous awards for her writing including the International Association of Jewish Genealogical Societies’ Lifetime Achievement Award.

      The Distinguished Service Award recognizes outstanding contributions to the mission of NGS. At the banquet, the Board of Directors presented the award to Terry Koch-Bostic for her outstanding service to NGS as she shepherded the new NGS website from its inception through its launch in October 2018.

      Completely redesigned with a focus on the NGS Learning Center, the site includes new content and educational resources for genealogists of all levels and is available to NGS members and the genealogical community at large. Koch-Bostic meticulously managed all phases of this two-year project even as she continued to serve as the NGS vice president and marketing/communications chair.

      The Shirley Langdon Wilcox Award for Exemplary Volunteerism recognizes a volunteer whose generosity of spirit and time has greatly benefited the National Genealogical Society and the genealogical community in general over a period of years.

      Ann Fleming, CG, CGL, FNGS, of St. Louis, Missouri, is this year’s award recipient. Fleming, who has spent the past two years planning the 2019 NGS Family History Conference, has in fact chaired more than six conferences for NGS as well as numerous events for other societies over the years. Active in local and state organizations, she served as president of the St. Louis Genealogical Society, where she was involved in helping with the creation of the Julius K. Hunter and Friends African American Research Collection established at the St. Louis County Library. She has served NGS as president, vice president, and secretary and was instrumental in preserving the NGS Book Collection by negotiating its move to the St. Louis County Library.


      The Award of Merit is presented to an individual or non-profit genealogical or historical organization to recognize exceptional contributions to the field of genealogy over a period of five or more years, which have significantly aided research or increased interest in genealogy. This year the NGS Board of Directors presented awards to three winners.

      In recognition of their efforts during the past sixty years, NGS awarded The Florida Genealogical Society, Tampa, Florida, with the Award of Merit.

      Founded in 1958, the Florida Genealogical Society is the oldest genealogical society in the state of Florida. It is celebrating sixty years of service to the genealogical community. In addition to monthly educational programs and an annual seminar, the Society has worked on projects that have made genealogical and historical information available to the public. Some of these projects include the digitization and indexing of naturalization records; photographing more than 500 graves; collecting and uploading over 115,000 county cemetery records to FindAGrave; and sorting and indexing 16,000 Burgert Brothers historical photographs depicting Tampa life between 1899 and the 1960s.

      The North Carolina Digital Heritage Center, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, received the Award of Merit in recognition of its exceptional contributions to researchers.

      The Center brings together collections from more than 230 libraries, archives, museums, and other institutions into a single, searchable website, DigitalNC. Unlike other genealogy sites, DigitalNC’s locally focused content is chosen by community-based librarians, archivists, and curators. The thousands of yearbooks and newspaper pages are just part of this ever-growing archive.


      The third Award of Merit was presented to Carolyn Carter of Detroit, Michigan, in recognition of her significant efforts to increase an interest in genealogy.

      Carter is a professional genealogist and academic instructor in genealogy at the Wayne County Community College District in Detroit, Michigan. For the past six years, she has designed and taught research methodology and family history techniques to the students in the college’s downtown campus. She helped to maintain and grow the students’ enthusiasm by creating a student genealogy club and by providing opportunities for them to attend genealogy conferences (most recently at the 2018 NGS conference in Grand Rapids) as well as research field trips to the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah, and the Allen County Library in Fort Wayne, Indiana.

      Awards for Excellence are presented for a specific, significant single contribution in the form of a family genealogy or family history book, a publication discussing or demonstrating genealogical methods and sources, or an article published in the NGS Quarterly. Entries serve to foster scholarship and/or otherwise advance or promote excellence in genealogy.

      Award for Excellence: Genealogy and Family History Book
      This year’s recipient is Henry B. Hoff, CG, FASG, of Burke, Virginia, who collaborated with Nancy Sands Maulsby of Greenwich, Connecticut. The title of their book is Ancestors and Descendants of Robert Alfred Sands and Kate Van Volkenburgh: Enduring Relations.

      Award for Excellence: Genealogical Methods and Sources
      Scott Andrew Bartley of West Roxbury, Massachusetts, is this year’s recipient. The title of his entry is Early Vermont Settlers to 1771, Volume 1—Southern Windsor County.

      Award for Excellence: National Genealogical Society Quarterly
      Worth Shipley Anderson, JD, of Vienna, Virginia, received the Award for Excellence for his article, “John Stanfield ‘as he is cald in this country’: An Illegitimate Descent in Eastern Tennessee,” published in the June 2018 issue of the NGSQ.

      The Rubincam Youth Award was established in 1986 to encourage and recognize our youth as the next generation of family historians. It honors Milton Rubincam, CG, FASG, FNGS, for his many years of service to NGS and to the field of genealogy.

      Adriana Sela
      of Miami, Florida, is the winner of this year’s Senior Rubincam Youth Award for students in grades ten through twelve. Ms. Sela’s paper documents her maternal ancestry from Ecuador to Miami.

      Andre Galistinos of Ridgefield, Connecticut, is the winner of the Junior Rubincam Youth Award for students in grades seven through nine. The title of his entry is “An Unexpected Surprise.”

      Honorable mentions were presented to Wyatt Anderson Taylor of Long View, Texas (Senior) for his paper, “The Walkers: A Sawmill Family,” and Tyrone Kearse of New Castle, Delaware (Junior) for his paper, “A Biography of Irving S. Young.”

      08 May 2019

      NGS Opening Session Awards Presented at 2019 Conference


      NGS Presents Awards Honoring Excellence
      in Newsletter Editorship and Service to NGS

      Today, at the opening session of our four-day Family History Conference in St. Charles, Missouri, President Ben Spratling, JD, presented several awards to honor the conference’s local volunteer leadership and to recognize the winners of the NGS Newsletter Competition. 

      The Award of Honor was presented to the St. Louis Genealogical Society, Kay Weber, president, in recognition of the Society’s dedication and sustained service in support of the 2019 NGS conference. 

      Certificates of Appreciation were given to committee chairs who worked tirelessly to assure the success of the conference. The honorees included: Local Host Co-Chairs, Kay Weber and Viki Fagyal; Exhibit Co-Chairs, Robert Goode and Robert Cejka; Hospitality Co-Chairs, Karen Goode and Rich Stanton; Local Publicity Chair, Ann Hodges; Registration Co-Chairs, Barbara Larson and Diane Broniec; Social Media Chair, Laura Balluff Mackinson; and Volunteer Chair, Marilyn Brennan.

      The winners of the 2019 NGS Newsletter Competition, honoring excellence in newsletter editorship in three categories, were presented to:

      Newsletter for a Major Genealogical and/or Historical Society with 500 or more members
      Winner: The Tracer, the newsletter of the Hamilton County Genealogical Society, of Cincinnati, Ohio, edited by Eileen Muccino.

      Honorable Mention: The Virginia Genealogical Society Newsletter, published by the Virginia Genealogical Society, Orange, Virginia, edited by Deborah Harvey.


      Newsletter for Local Genealogical and/or Historical Societies with less than 500 members
      Winner: The Newsletter of the Irish Family History Forum, the periodical of the Irish Family History Forum in Long Island, New York, edited by Jim Regan.

      Honorable Mention: The Archivist, the newsletter of the Genealogical Society of Bergen County, New Jersey, edited by Michelle D. Novak.

      Family Association Newsletter
      Winner: The Timen Stiddem Society Newsletter, the newsletter of The Timen Stiddem Society, a family association whose ancestor was among the seventeenth century settlers of New Sweden (now Wilmington), Delaware, edited by Richard L. Steadham.

      Honorable Mention: The Hungerford World Tree, the newsletter of The Hungerford Family Foundation, Inc., in Bonita Springs, Florida, edited by Charles C. Morgan.

      NGS Magazine January–March 2019 Issue


      The January-March 2019 issue of NGS Magazine, Volume 45, Number 1, has been mailed to members and is available online in the Members Only section of the website.


      EDITOR'S NOTE by Deb Cyprych

      In celebration of the NGS Family History Conference in May in St. Charles, Missouri, this issue explores the history, people, resources, and repositories of Missouri and some of its neighbors. 

      French citizens settled in what was New France as early as 1720. After the French and Indian War ended France lost its land west of the Mississippi to Spain, but many French practices continued. Ann Fleming describes the history, cultural influence, and records of early French residents in Missouri and Illinois. 

      Germans have left their mark in several states within the Louisiana Purchase: Louisiana, Missouri, Kansas, Nebraska, and the Dakotas. Kathy Petlewski outlines the history of German settlement in these states and cites sources with further information. 

      The Homestead Act of 1862 was a prime motivation for millions of settlers to travel west and obtain their own land by meeting the law’s requirements. Gail Blankenau demonstrates the valuable types of information contained in homestead records and explains where to locate them. 

      Over two hundred thousand children in New York City and Boston were sent west to new homes because one or both of their parents were unable to care for them, and the managers of orphan asylums believed the children would be better off on farms. Clark Kidder discusses the history and records of the orphan train movement and provides contact information for thirteen asylums. 

      Two repositories in Missouri are particularly notable for genealogical research. Cheryl Lang highlights the materials and databases of the Midwest Genealogy Center in Independence, Missouri, three hours from St. Charles. Bryan McGraw lists a variety of records held in the National Archives at St. Louis, with a focus on Individual Deceased Military Personnel Files, and provides details about access. 

      In their columns, Claire Prechtel Kluskens features an example of an unusual Civil War accounting record, and Jordan Jones evaluates three types of task management tools. This is the final column by Jordan, NGS Magazine’s expert technology columnist for the past ten years. Many thanks to Jordan for his contributions, which have helped readers enhance their use of technology in genealogical research.

      Table of Contents

      Features

      Early French Citizens in the Upper Mississippi Valley, by Ann Carter Fleming, CG, CGL, FNGS


      “A Comfortable Place to Live In”: Using Homestead Files in Family History
      by Gail Shaffer Blankenau

      Military Individual Deceased Personnel Files by Bryan K. McGraw

      Researching Orphan Train Riders by Clark Kidder

      Researching at the Midwest Genealogy Center by Cheryl Lang, MLS

      Departments


      PRESIDENT’S MESSAGE by Ben Spratling

      EDITOR’S NOTE by Deb Cyprych

      NGS NEWS

      2018 NGS DONATIONS AND IN-KIND CONTRIBUTIONS

      REFERENCE DESK
      German Settlement in Louisiana Purchase Lands by Kathy Petlewski, MSLS
      TECHNOLOGY
      Task Management for Genealogists by Jordan Jones
      NATIONAL ARCHIVES
      Accounting for Each Penny: Revelations from Civil War Accounting Records of a Maine Provost Marshal by Claire Prechtel Kluskens

      NGS MEMBERS’ BOOK NOTICES



      NGS Magazine is published quarterly to update members of the National Genealogical Society on NGS activities and to provide genealogists with special information and guidance on conducting effective genealogical research. The magazine is sent to libraries by subscription. Online access to NGS Magazine is available only as long as membership is active.

      NGS Introduces War of 1812 Records Course


      National Genealogical Society Introduces
      Its New Online Course: War of 1812 Records

      The National Genealogical Society (NGS) is pleased to introduce our new Continuing Genealogical Studies (CGS) course, War of 1812 Records. The course will be available online at the commencement of the NGS 2019 Family History Conference in St. Charles, Missouri, 8-11 May 2019.

      War of 1812 Records takes an in-depth look at the wealth of information family historians can access to trace ancestors in this time period. Records include compiled military service, pension, bounty land, Navy and Marine Corps, and prisoner of war records. War of 1812 Records will be available in the NGS online store on 8 May 2019.

      Students will develop an understanding of the cause of the war and the genealogical significance of various records associated with it. They will examine and learn how to use numerous records including muster rolls, ship’s logs, diplomatic records, state militia records, and lineage society files. The course also covers African American and Native American participation in the war.

      War of 1812 Records was developed by the Federation of Genealogical Societies (FGS) with David Rencher, CG®, Rebecca Koford, CG, Ken Nelson, and Michael Hall as contributing authors. It is divided into fourteen modules which include readings, web links, self-correcting quizzes, practical assignments, and a reading and reference list. War of 1812 Records is the latest and ninth special subject course in the National Genealogical Society’s Continuing Genealogical Studies online learning series.



      07 May 2019

      NGS Announces Winner of the Filby Award



      National Genealogical Society Announces the Winner of the
      Filby Award for Genealogical Librarianship


      The National Genealogical Society (NGS) is pleased to announce that Susan Kaufman, manager of the Houston Public Library’s Clayton Library Center for Genealogical Research, is the winner of the NGS Filby Award for Genealogical Librarianship. The award, along with its $1,000 prize, was presented to Kaufman today at Librarians’ Day, an event held a day in advance of the NGS 2019 Family History Conference in St. Charles, Missouri.

      Created in 1999 by NGS, the award is named for the late P. William Filby, former director of the Maryland Historical Society and author of many core genealogical reference tools that genealogists have relied on for decades. It is presented annually at the NGS Family History Conference and has been sponsored by ProQuest and William Forsyth since 2006.

      In 2005, Kaufman was appointed manager of the Clayton Library. Previously, she held positions as a genealogy librarian at the Peoria Public Library in Peoria, Illinois, and the Allen County Public Library in Fort Wayne, Indiana. During her tenure, the Clayton Library has become one of the finest genealogy libraries in the nation with some 100,000 research volumes, 3,000 periodical titles, and an extensive microfilm collection. It also is a FamilySearch affiliate library, which allows patrons to access extensive genealogical records held by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.

      A respected librarian, presenter, and administrator, Kaufman regularly lectures at community, statewide, and national events. She has served on the boards of many genealogical organizations, including the Texas State Genealogical Society and the Federation of Genealogical Societies (FGS). During the nomination process, patrons, colleagues, and volunteers offered tributes that tell the story of a generous and skilled researcher who is always willing to help other family historians.